Treating Gum Disease May Require Invasive Procedures

  • Dental Health   •   July 19th., 2022

Periodontal (gum) disease causes more than simple gum swelling—this bacterial infection can harm and destroy your teeth’s supporting structures, including the bone. Its aggressiveness sometimes requires equally aggressive treatment.

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eriodontal (gum) disease causes more than simple gum swelling—this bacterial infection can harm and destroy your teeth’s supporting structures, including the bone. Its aggressiveness sometimes requires equally aggressive treatment.

What are the stages of gum disease?

Gum disease usually begins with dental plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles on tooth and gum surfaces. Without proper oral hygiene, plaque builds up with large populations of bacteria that can trigger an infection.

The growth of this disease is often “silent,” meaning it may initially show no symptoms. If it does, it will normally be reddened, swollen and/or bleeding gums, and sometimes pain. A loose tooth is often a late sign the disease has severely damaged the gum ligaments and supporting bone, making tooth loss a distinct possibility.

How do dentists treat gum disease?

If you are diagnosed with gum disease, there is one primary treatment strategy:

  • Remove all detected plaque and calculus (tartar) from tooth and gum surfaces. This can take several sessions because as the gums begin responding to treatment and are less inflamed, more plaque and calculus may be discovered.
  • Plaque removal can involve various techniques depending on the depth of the infection within the gums.
    • For surfaces above or just below the gum line, we often use a technique called scaling: manually removing plaque and calculus with specialized instruments called scalers.
    • If the infection has progressed well below the gum line, we may also use root planing, a technique for “shaving” plaque from root surfaces.
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No matter how long it is been since your last dental exam, the team from Central Dental wants to help you to have proper dental health. We can help evaluate your overall dental health and recommend a personalized treatment plan that fits your needs perfectly.

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Can gum disease be healed?

Whatever its stage of development, it’s important to begin treatment of gum disease as soon as it’s detected. The earlier we can arrest its spread, the less likely we’ll need to employ these more invasive procedures. If you see any signs of gum disease as mentioned before, contact us as soon as possible for a full examination.

If you would like more information on preventing and treating gum disease, please call us or schedule an appointment for a consultation.

You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Treating Difficult Areas of Periodontal Disease.”

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